Senior Citizen Cognitive Training Opportunities: A comparative Analysis

Public Channel / (Accessible) Education

02/05/2019 - Erasmus Congress - ERACON 2019
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Initial results of Erasmus+ project titled: "Tablet based Cognitive Gaming Platform for Seniors"
Title of presentation: “Senior Citizen Cognitive Training Opportunities: A comparative Analysis”.

Talks about:
- Good practices in partner countries (Cyprus, Turkey, Belgium, France, Austria, Bulgaria) regarding training/learning opportunities available to seniors of ages 55+ .
- Presentation of preliminary results of a survey regarding cognitive challenges the above target group phase in their everyday life, and more specifically regarding memory skills, attention/concentration skills, speed of processing skills, etc.

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1. Marianna Gregoriou {marianna.gregoriou@eurocyinnovations.com} EUROCY Innovations Ltd SENIOR CITIZEN COGNITIVE TRAININING OPPORTUNITIES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

21. Marianna Gregoriou {marianna.gregoriou@eurocyinnovations.com} EUROCY Innovations Ltd Thank you for your attention! Questions/Comments?

20. 46 42 Sequential Processing Difficulties To put things in order when thinking To plan activities and events step by step 26% 74% Seniors Yes N/a 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 20 26% deal with sequential processing difficulties Sequential processing difficulties

18. 52 82 79 Visual Perception Difficulties Visualize my thoughts in images or scenarios Interpret maps Interpret diagrams or charts 47% 53% Seniors Yes N/a 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 18 47% deal with visual perception difficulties Visual perception difficulties

17. 34% 32% 34% Processing speed Difficulties Calculate quickly my bills React and adapt easily Soving math problems in my head 35% 65% Seniors Yes N/a 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 17 35% deal with speed processing difficulties Speed processing difficulties

19. 25% 43% 32% Reasoning and Planning Difficulties To form ideas To solve problems To plan or organize ideas 42% 58% Seniors Yes N/a 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 19 42% deal with reasoning and planning difficulties Reasoning and planning difficulties

8. Seniors in Bulgaria • Young Bulgarians are now either emigrating or moving to larger towns, with older people remaining isolated, both in medical and in social terms • People who need medical care either go to a doctor or to a hospital. Home Nursing is something new • Elderly people (over 55+) can enrol to a funded training course for acquiring new professions or a higher level of professional qualification • ICT skills training for people over 60 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 8

16. 25% 21% 35% 19% Attention Easily distracted Cannot stay focus for a long period Difficult to do two things the same time Difficult to stay consentrate while driving 53% 47% Seniors Yes No 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 16 > 50% deal with attention difficulties Attention Difficulties

7. Seniors in Austria • Sigmund Freud Private University in Vienna: program of study for seniors. They need to pass an exam and also pay a fee of 3000 euro • Vienna University: a senior can enrol at a bachelor, master or a doctorate degree. Pay a fee. The university had set up a counseling center with monthly counseling sessions for seniors • Pensioners Association (2012) has given prizes to communities who promote projects for seniors • Seniors supervise elementary school and kindergarten children • Ongoing activities for seniors: memory training, senior gymnastics, hiking groups, etc. 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 7

6. Seniors in France • Retirement and care homes and other care options for the elderly in their own home. • Small units integrated into a larger complex, providing care for people with Alzheimer or related diseases Private organisations propose trainings especially dedicated to elderly • Helps elderly people discover digital technology • Pairs young students (18 - 25 years old) with seniors • Classes can take place at the residence of the senior and are free as the young teachers are volunteers 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 6

4. Seniors in Cyprus • Family is the main carer for seniors - only in case the family cannot take care of the seniors they will go to a care centre (public/private) • Only few organisations include Cognitive Training for seniors in their services • Very common for seniors to take care of their grandchildren • Seniors mainly enrol in different courses through the Adult Education Centers (art, gymnastics, languages, cooking, dancing, gardening etc); Those who are over 67 have a discount on the yearly fee (27.50 per subject) 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 4

9. Seniors in Turkey • Almost 100% are ageing at home • Family members are subsidized to take care of their elder. For more than 8 - h per day they can get monthly wage • Women enter labour force as external caregivers • Acdeniz University offers a 4 year program of study for 60+ and free • Promoting sport for seniors “bocce” for an active and healthier living • 2016 the first “bocce” turnua with 160 players from nursing home 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 9

15. Every day things , 154 My personal items , 155 Past and Important Events, 154 Future Plant Events , 157 90% 10% Seniors Yes No 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 15 90% deal with memory difficulties Memory Difficulties

2. The Challenge • Cognitive Skills affected: 1. Memory 2. Attention 3. Visual Perception 4. Reasoning and Planning 5. Processing speed 6. Sequential Processing • Dementia is one of the major source of cognitive challenges among older individuals worldwide Individuals lose their independence 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 2

5. Seniors in Belgium • Brussels was the first city in Belgium to be named from World Health Organization Age - friendly City • Brussels invites senior citizens from around the world to come and discover the city’s cultural treasures • The Seniors Service of the City of Brussels organizes various activities for seniors: events, workshops, conferences, excursions and meetings between generations • Homes for the elderly: specially built housing for people over 60. They are managed by a non - profit organization, a foundation or a public authority 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 5

13. Health Related Challenges 14% 22% 16% 16% 18% 2% 12% Health Challenges Diabetes Heart Problems Sight Problems Hearing Problems Mobility Problems Dementia Diagnosis Other HC Heart Problems were the most common Dementia diagnosis 66% 34% Senior YES n/a 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 13 114 / 174 deal with at least one Health Related Challenge.

10. Summary Project Details Project’s design approach Community based approach Self tutoring Both approaches depending on the case Dealing Dementia Symptoms Dementia Prevention Dementia Symptoms Dementia Prevention Value of the intervention Not so clear. Based on the observation of others. Users improvement is measurable. Self training: measurable improvements Training with friends: more enjoyable Fr Be Cy 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 10

12. Survey Analysis (samples: 174) 60 23 34 34 23 55 - 60 60 - 65 66 - 70 71 - 75 76 plus 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Age Group Age Group 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 12

14. Cognitive abilities - Challenges 90 50 47 42 35 26 Memory Concentration Visual Processing Reasoning & Planning Processing Skills Sequential Processing 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Difficulties 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 14

11. Project Details Project’s design approach Self Tutoring Community Based Approaches Self Tutoring Community and family based approach Dealing ICT Accessibility for Seniors Inclusion of Seniors Dementia Prevention Dementia Prevention Dementia Symptoms Value of the intervention Supporting seniors living an active life, giving them new roles and by having different opportunities to enrol on activities designed for seniors. Users improvement is measurable. When people train with friends or family members they enjoy the activities more. Au Bu Tu Summary 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 11

3. Response to the Challenge Aim : Support Dementia Prevention through Cognitive Training How : Cognitive gaming platform for Seniors ( 01 / 2019 - 12 / 2020 ) • Memory • Attention • Visual Perception • Reasoning and Planning • Processing speed • Sequential Processing Method : Senior people will train their cognitive skills through tablet - based gaming activities . In groups and/or individually . Expected Outcomes : 1. Cognitive skills’ training for seniors 2. Tablet - based cognitive gaming platform 3. Accessible learning platform for trainers and self - learners Cy Be Fr Au Bu Tr 02/05/2019 ERACON 2019 3

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